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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-4

Energy balance of the obese subject

1 Faculty of Medicine, UHC Blida-University of Blida, Algeria
2 Faculty of Medicine, UHC Hussein Dey-University of Algiers, Algeria

Correspondence Address:
Ghouini Ahmed
Faculty of Medicine, UHC Blida-University of Blida
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Obesity is a real epidemic with significant health effects. The pathophysiology of obesity involves environmental factors such as excess diet and/or decreased physical activity. In all cases, the energy balance of the obese subject is positive. As part of an efficient management of this ever-increasing pathology, we wanted to measure the energy balance of a population of algerian adults (402 subjects aged 30 to 60 years followed in medical consultation). Body composition and energy metabolism were assessed by bioelectrical impedancemetry; the energy intake and the level of physical activity were assessed on codified interrogation. It turns out that obese subjects underestimate their dietary intake and are in their great majority inactive. The therapeutic management of these patients requires a nutritional education program combined with recommendations of adapted sports practice.

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