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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 5-10

Prevalence, consequences and treatment of diabetes in the urban health center Moulay El Hassan in the province of Kenitra, Morocco


1 Laboratory of Nutrition, Health & Environment, Biology Department. Faculty of Science, Ibn Tofail University, Kenitra, Morocco
2 Laboratory of Agrophysiology, Biotechnology, Environment and Quality Biology Department, Faculty of Science Ibn Tofail University, Kenitra, Morocco
3 Laboratory of Biology and Health, URAC-34 Faculty of Sciences Ben M’sik. University Hassan II, Casablanca, Morocco

Correspondence Address:
Lotfi Zeghari
Laboratory of Nutrition, Health & Environment, Biology Department. Faculty of Science, Ibn Tofail University, Kenitra
Morocco
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Introduction: The prevalence of diabetes is growing progressively worldwide, despite the efforts of various national and international health organizations. Aim: the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, the consequences and the treatment of diabetes in the provincial reference center for diabetes (CRD) in Kenitra, Morocco, in 2014 and 2015. Material and methods: During 2014-2015, the total of 31563 patients (2227diabetic and 29336 non-diabetics), who consult the urban health center Moulay El Hassan kenitra were considered as a target population of this study. The data has been collected by nurses under the direction of doctors of the health center, using a data sheet containing information on: socio-demographic (age, gender); types of complications related to the disease. All the collected data were analyzed using SPSS software version 16. Thus the categorical variables as means and standard deviations (δ) for quantitative variables were used to determine the frequencies and percentages of each studied group. Results: The age of patients is between 8 months and 80 years with a predominance of women (64.4% and 35.5% of women and men, respectively). Besides, the diabetes is higher among people having 40 years of age and older with a prevalence of 90.99 % than other ages, which prevalence is only 9.01%. It is also higher among women with 61.47% than men aged 40 years and older (29.53%). Accordingly, the globalprevalence of diabetes for 2014 and 2015 are 6.6% and 7.05%, respectively, with a non-significant increase (p> 0.05). Nevertheless, the prevalence of diabetes-related complications decreased insignificantly (p>0.05) from 9.75% in 2014 to 8.24% in 2015. Conclusion: The results of this work demonstrate that even if the increased prevalence of diabetes is low, his pattern still increasing. Factors such as lifestyle and socioeconomic status population are required to better understand the factors promoting the increase of diabetes occurrence.


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