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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 29-31

Ulcerative colitis in a Nigerian child: a case report

1 Paediatrics Department, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Nigeria
2 Department of Internal Medicine, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria
3 Department of Pathology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
R Ewah-Odiase
Paediatrics Department, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an idiopathic chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by unpredictable exacerbations and remissions. It is thought to be rare in Africans especially amongst paediatric age group and there has been only one presumed paediatric case report from Nigeria. Case Presentation: We report the case of a 13.5 year old boy who presented with typical symptoms and in whom the diagnosis of UC was confirmed by endoscopic examination and histology. He responded well to treatment with sulfasalazine tablets. Conclusion: This plus an earlier report suggest that UC may not be as rare in Nigeria as it was previously thought to be perhaps due to under-diagnosis caused by a lack of diagnostic facilities. A high index of suspicion is required in diagnosis and epidemiologic studies are required to determine its actual prevalence.

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