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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 20-23

To study the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia in children aged 6 months – 6 years presenting with febrile seizures in Department of Pediatrics

Department of Pediatrics, Govt. Medical College, Patiala, India

Correspondence Address:
Balram Meena
Department of Pediatrics, Govt. Medical College, Patiala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background: Febrile seizure is a common cause of seizures in young children but with an excellent prognosis. In addition to genetic predisposition, febrile seizures are generally thought to be induced by elemental changes such as iron deficiency. Regarding the high prevalence of febrile seizures with iron deficiency anemia in children, the aim of our study is to investigate the role of iron deficiency anemia in febrile seizures patients. Iron deficiency (ID) is the most common nutritional deficiency. The peak age for ID is between 1 and 2 years, which coincides with the peak incidence for febrile seizures. Aim: To study the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia in children aged 6 months to 6 years having febrile seizures. Study design: It is a prospective observational case control study. Material & Method: The present study was included 50 children aged 6 months to 6 years with febrile seizures (cases) and 30 febrile children without seizures (controls), coming to Pediatrics OPD and emergency, RAJINDRA HOSPITAL PATIALA. Hemoglobin level (Hb) and serum ferritin levels were estimated in all the patients. Results: In cases the mean serum ferritin levels was25.52±29.8 ng/dl and in controls was61.36±77.5 ng/dl. It was seen that serum ferritin levels were significantly low in children with febrile seizures as compared to controls (p < 0.004). Conclusion: Prophylactic iron supplementation should be considered in all children who are anemic as it may have a preventable role in febrile seizures.

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