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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 73-77

Child Nutrition in 21st Century


1 Ex- Professor of Pediatrics, Medical College, Amravati, Maharashtra, India
2 Tripura medical college & Dr BRAM Teaching Hospital, Agartala, Tripura, India

Correspondence Address:
Satish Tiwari
Ex- Professor of Pediatrics, Medical College, Amravati, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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It is well accepted, that any effect on the health of mother is going to affect the health of the fetus. The first two years of life and nine months in utero, the so called “1000 days” to prevent child malnutrition are the critical window period. Appropriate nutritional practices play a pivotal role in determining health and development of children. The Kangaroo Mother Care method is a standardize protocol based care system for preterm or LBW infants and is based on skin to skin contact between baby and mother. Breastfeeding was consistently associated with higher performance in intelligence tests, with a pooled increase of intelligence quotient points. It is every child’s basic human right to receive a healthy feeding and thereby undergo a normal growth. It is every adult’s ethical, moral, and legal duty to ensure optimal feeding practices and a normal growth and development for their children. WHA resolutions, endorses the comprehensive implementation plan on maternal, infant and young child nutrition and urges strengthening nutrition policies so that they comprehensively address the double burden of malnutrition. “Protest breastfeeding” seems to be a novel approach or way to promote the breastfeeding and to highlight the Mother and Child right issues in the 21st Century. WHO and UNICEF jointly declared “Where it is not possible for the biological mother to breastfeed, the first alternative, should be the use of human milk from other sources. There is proliferation of sophisticated marketing of unhealthy food to children to continue in the midst of a childhood obesity epidemic.


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