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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 34-40

Nutritional and Environmental Factors of Overweight and Child Obesity in Kenitra city, Morocco


Laboratory of Biology and Health, Department of Biology, Ibn Tofail University, Faculty of Sciences, BP 133, 14000 Kenitra, Morocco

Correspondence Address:
Meriem Sbai
Laboratory of Biology and Health, Department of Biology, Ibn Tofail University, Faculty of Sciences, BP 133, 14000 Kenitra
Morocco
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Background: Obesity has reached an epidemic proportions world-wide. Its risk factors are poorly studied, especially among children in developing countries such as Morocco. Objectives: The aim of this study was to identify the associations between socioeconomic status, food consumption, dietary diversity score and BMI classes in a sample of preschool children in Kenitra city. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 338 of preschool children aged 5 to 6 years in urban area of Kenitra, North West Morocco. The weight and height were measured with standard method and the socio economic factors and nutritional data were collected using an appropriate questionnaire completed by parents. Results: It reveal an independence between some factors of the socio-economic status (the level of education of mother; the function of the father and mother; number of children in the family; sibling rank; housing nature, type of habitat) and staturo-ponderal status by gender according to body mass index (BMI) for age (p>0.05), the only associations were found between the father’s educational level and nutritional status among boys (p = 0.033). Conclusions: SES impacts well-being at multiple levels, including both family and children. In our study, a strong relationship between educational level of father’s and childhood obesity specifically among boys was found.


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