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COMMENTARY
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 11-14

The state of Helicobacter pylori infection in south east asian countries: an enigma


1 Major General, Directorate General Medical Services, DGMS Office, Dhaka Cantt, Dhaka-1206, Dhaka, Bangladesh
2 Classified Specialist in Pathology (Microbiology), Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Dhaka Cantt, Dhaka-1206, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Correspondence Address:
Md Rabiul Hossain
Major General, Directorate General Medical Services, DGMS Office, Dhaka Cantt, Dhaka-1206, Dhaka
Bangladesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Aim: The aim of the study is to review the state of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection and its consequences in Asian population with focus on related Asian enigma. Methods: Review of literature on the subject and critical analysis of the matter. Results: It is revealed in the review that the prevalence of H. pylori in most Asian countries including South East Asia (Bangladesh, India, Thailand and Pakistan) is relatively higher. As the countries concerned are marching towards a developed status, the prevalence is slowly decreasing. However in these countries the corresponding rate of gastric cancer is low. Conclusion: With a better understanding the molecular epidemiology of H. pylori infection, it is now possible to explain partially the basis of so called “Asian Enigma” with sero-prevalence and gastric cancer prevalence rates. Vaccines against H. pylori may change the future epidemiological scenario of particular type of gastric malignancy.


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